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18 Semantic-Role Marking

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Chapter Summary

The indication of the semantic role or participant role of a referent is done by phrasal enclitics that attach themselves to the last element of a phrase. An overview of the different semantic-role markers is presented in the form of a table in the first section of this chapter. Another table gives an overview of the way the semantic roles so far discovered in Atong are marked. The second section explains the definitions of participant roles. A small number of semantic roles may or may not be morphologically signalled, these are Direction, Possessor, Source, Destination, Causee and Patient. These are discussed in the third section. A number of semantic roles are never morphologically marked on NPs, viz. Agent, Effector, Theme, Result, Name, Identifier, Comparee, Duration, Experiencer, Attributant, Causer and Identified. These are discussed in section four. Various enclitics are explained in detail individually in various sections. The last section sums up all the examples with multiple semantic-role marking.

Keywords: Atong; phrasal enclitics; semantic-role marking



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