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20 The Predicate

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Chapter Summary

The first section of this chapter defines the predicate. The predicate has a clump structure just like the one established for the Nominal Clump. It consists of one or more phrases that can be referential. The Predicate Clump has illocutionary force, and denotes either a state (or situation), a change of state, an event, a process or an action. Valency is defined as the number of arguments that are needed to complement the meaning of a predicate. Valency and transitivity are explained in the second section. A table details properties of different types of predicate depending on the head. The third section describes the phenomenon whereby a noun is incorporated into a predicate with a verbal head. The fourth section goes into the details of complex predicative constructions. This section deals with complex predicates with identical words, construction with 'try' and compounded verbs.

Keywords: compounded verbs; Nominal Clump; predicate; Predicate Clump; transitivity; valency

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