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V Scientification of Police: The End of the Broad Conception of Police

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Chapter Summary

Police science (Policeywissenschaft) developed during the eighteenth century into an independent academic discipline in Germany. Police science was "the scientific doctrine of the internal politics of the older German territorial states". The emergence of police science was linked to German state formation on the territorial level in the post-Westphalian era. In contrast to Germany, in France the literature concerning police remained more practical in nature. Eighteenth-century French writers contented themselves mainly with pondering adequate means to achieve bonne police and describing the relevant statutes without too much theoretical ambition. In France the literature on police embodied more traits of 'police law' rather than 'police science'. This was a result of the fact that the centralized state and its advanced administrative apparatus were built much earlier in the French realm than in the German states.

Keywords: France; Germany; police science



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