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3 Modernity through Experimentation: Lu Xun and the Modern Chinese Woodcut Movement

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Chapter Summary

Print publications and their attendant imagery provided an unparalleled space for the melding of global and local influences in Shanghai during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Lu Xun not only provided funding and personal support to artist groups and individual artists, but also brought literature, ideas, and woodcuts from Europe, America, Russia, and Japan into China for translation and exhibition. As a leading figure of the May Fourth Movement, Lu Xun was active in the intellectual debates concerning China's social and political future. Lu Xun's promotion of a socialist modernity for China through his support and guidance of the woodcut movement would not have been possible without China's print publication industry. It enabled the distribution of Lu Xun's translation of Itagaki Takaho's Trends in the History of Modern Art, as well as translations of Anatoly Lunacharsky's and Georgi Plekhanov's theories.

Keywords: Anatoly Lunacharsky; Georgi Plekhanov; Itagaki Takaho; Lu Xun; May Fourth Movement; print publication industry; Shanghai; socialist modernity; woodcut movement



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