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4. The Tyndale–Joye Debate in Antwerp

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Chapter Summary

Tyndale's translation is important in the history of the English Bible because it is the very first English New Testament (NT) in print. Furthermore, by choosing one of Erasmus' NT editions as Vorlage for his work, Tyndale produced the first English NT ever based directly on a Greek text. Shortly after publishing his NT at Worms, Tyndale himself moved to Antwerp, where he started to translate the Old Testament (OT). His translation of Genesis appeared in 1530, followed by the other books of the Torah. This chapter analyzes Joye's Apologye in detail: first, his argumentation (both his theological and his other arguments), and then his scholarship, style, and translational strategy. The non-theological arguments of Joye's defence can be divided into three groups: Joye's version of the events leading to their clash; his rejection of Tyndale's charges; and ad hominem counterattacks sneering at Tyndale's personality, scholarship, and translation.

Keywords: Antwerp; English New Testament (NT); Joye's Apologye; Old Testament (OT); Tyndale-Joye Debate



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