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1. A Jewish Parapegma? Reading 1 Enoch 82 in Roman Egypt

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Chapter Summary

AB represents the outcome of a traditional corpus of Mesopotamian astronomy, which has developed in the second-first millennia BCE. As known from early Christian writings, 1 Enoch was classified as 'Apocalypse' when the full connotation of this word first emerged as a literary genre. This book inherited the Enochic astronomy and updated it with new Hellenistic-Roman themes, for example, by converting the 364-day calendar into the Julian 365-day calendar. Parapegmata often reflect the wisdom of the crowd, despite the fact that they flag the names of esteemed astronomers like Eudoxus, Meton and Calippus. The essential phenomena are known also from Enochic astronomy: the cardinal days of the year as dividing the seasons, the length of daylight and night time, and the risings of stars (although in 1 Enoch 82 this element is rather vague in comparison with the detailed observations of p. Hibeh).

Keywords: Astronomical Book; Enoch; Enochic astronomy; Parapegmata; Roman Egypt

10.1163/9789004259669_002
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