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11. Some Hygiene and Dietary Calendars in Hebrew Manuscripts from Medieval Ashkenaz

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Chapter Summary

Three hygiene and dietary calendars were recently found in calendrical and prognostical sections of different literary genres of medieval Hebrew manuscripts from Ashkenaz, dating from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The hygiene and dietary calendar is separated into seasonal and monthly sections. This chapter focuses on the texts of the three calendars themselves, edited in monthly and seasonal partitions and followed by a description of their content and textual comparisons with their sources. The calendars in manuscripts Mich. 569, Heb. d. 11 and Heidenheim 51 vary in length according to the subjects covered. The Hebrew calendars are similar to the Latin calendars in layout and content. As for dietary and hygiene suggestions, again MS Mich. 569 and the Pseudo-Hippocratic text share approximately the same notions on food with a good smell (MS Mich. 569), fragrant and sweet food and boiled meat, not roasted, food which acts gently on the stomach.

Keywords: Ashkenaz; dietary calendars; Hebrew manuscripts; hygiene calendars; Pseudo-Hippocratic text



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