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Ouverture: d’autres livres sacrés autoréférentiels?

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Chapter Summary

The Qur&s;anic self-referential discourse, because it confers its own absolute authority to text by means of three powerful argument strategies, is in contrast, as W. Graham notes it, with other books considered as "Scriptures" but which have never had "consciousness" to have been the "holy scriptures". The Manichaean and Qur&s;anic self-referential discourses show certain resemblance: Scripture in question comes following the other Scriptures but exceeds and surpasses them, and the new prophet who brings this scripture comes following the other prophets and is described as their "seal", which implicitly means that its message is considered as superior. The self-referential discourse of the Qurʾān, characterized by a "self-canonization" which argues in a closed circle, is generally different from the biblical scriptures but is nevertheless close to some other sacred texts of late antiquity. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: holy scriptures; Manichaean self-referential discourse; prophet; Qurʾān; Qur&s;anic self-referential discourse; sacred books; sacred texts



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