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From Anti-Fascism to Humanism

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Chapter Summary

This chapter situates the origins and evolution of the Movement for the Recovery of Historical Memory (MRHM) within a wider narrative, both intellectually and geographically. This narrative encompasses the European experience of dealing with the memory of Fascism in particular and with the legacy of political violence, the so-called European Civil War that ravaged the continent in the interwar period 1919-39. The chapter explains the evolution of the concept of anti-Fascism in post-1945 Europe. It identifies the developments in and the connections between both recent Spanish history and historiography. The chapter demonstrates how and why the MRHM emerged, as well as its achievements and shortcomings about the Spanish Civil War. It shows the need to develop a new paradigm for historical analysis in the study of political violence based on humanistic, democratic, and universal values.

Keywords: anti-Fascism; European Civil War; MRHM; political violence; Spanish Civil War; Spanish historiography; Spanish history



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