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Franco’s Bread

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Chapter Summary

This chapter argues that Auxilio Social and the social policies of Francoism not only can but should be studied from the bottom up. The two leading political instruments used to invade the private sphere were precisely the Auxilio Social and the Sección Femenina, which, however, soon abandoned eugenicist, even cultural views, in order to adopt positions that were closer to Catholic piety and charity. The impact of this policy on macroeconomics and on the day-to-day life of the people was overwhelming. Internal correspondence of Auxilio Social shows that hunger, poverty, and the inability of the Falange delegation were a daily occurrence throughout the country. Official reports on corruption ceased, although they continued to be the star topic of the rumors that circulated from district to district, in Spain without Franco's bread.

Keywords: Auxilio Social; Catholic piety; charity; Falange delegation; Franco's bread; poverty; Sección Femenina



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