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Corpus Delicti

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the parallels between the representation of women during the War of Independence from 1808-14 and the Spanish Civil War from 1936-39. Next, it analyzes explicitly violent photographs, portraying rape victims to appeal to the rage of the viewer. The chapter looks at the effects of the culture of war on sexual politics and private life in the aftermath of conflicts. The ultimate objective is to understand the symbolism of sexual aggression; an act that goes beyond brutalization because it does not trivialize death, but rather turns the paradigm of humiliation into a trigger for mobilization. General Palafox asked Francisco de Goya to depict the horrors of war, and Franco's informers, as well as the Republican partisans did the same at the League of Nations. Thus, photography served as naked demagoguery for the legitimacy of gendered violence of both sides.

Keywords: brutalization; Francisco de Goya; gendered violence; rape victims; Republican partisans; sexual politics; Spanish Civil War; War of Independence



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