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Military Memories, History, and the Myth of Hispano-Arabic Identity in the Spanish Civil War

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the Francoist use of the Hispano-Arabic ideal during the Spanish Civil War. By analyzing influential Spanish military writings and colonial schools for Muslims, it intends to shed light on how identity perceptions and historical consciousness can clash, coalesce, and evolve. Unlike in metropolitan Spain itself, the establishment of the Second Republic brought with it relatively minor changes to the Moroccan protectorate, notwithstanding complaints by prominent military officers. Military and civilian cultures can also have tangible effects on what has come to be known as strategic culture. In this vein, it is worth drawing attention to the possible link between perceptions of Hispano-Arabic identity and opinions on what kind of military actions best served Spain's strategic goals in North Africa. Perhaps cultural perceptions and "orientalist" experiences also helped create a particularly Spanish or Francoist way of war.

Keywords: Hispano-Arabic identity; Moroccan protectorate; Muslims; Second Republic; Spanish Civil War; Spanish military writings



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