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7. Sacramental Instrumentality

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Chapter Summary

Augustine's reference to that work of God's "wherein He worketh hitherto" evokes a statement Christ makes in relation to his own work: "My Father is always at his work to this very day, and I, too, am working". The statement raises a number of questions, starting with one concerning the relation between Father and Son's respective works. Damascene writes that while it was Christ's humanity that wept for Lazarus and then pronounced words ordering him to rise, it was his divinity that resurrected him. Damascene speaks of an instrument in order to elucidate nature of the hypostatic union. Damascene is concerned with relation between the Word and the flesh, but principle of subjection can also be traced in the doctrine of exinanitio and in its characterization of the Son. The theological reflection on the instrument will have to wait until Aquinas appears on the scene to undergo a decisive development.

Keywords: Aquinas; Christ's humanity; Damascene; hypostatic union; instrument; Lazarus; Son

10.1163/9789004260054_009
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