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II. The Origins of the Methodian Diocese during the Pontificates of Nicholas I (858–867) and Hadrian II (867–872). A Comparison of the Roman and Slavonic Sources

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes the early phases of the formation of the ecclesiastical province of Pannonia and Moravia, and in particular it focuses attention upon some of the difficulties faced in understanding this process. Any study of the origins of the Methodian Diocese must include a discussion of the primary sources, although these only permit partial access to the problem. The sources written in Church Slavonic emphasize the relationships between the two pontiffs Nicholas I and Hadrian II, and the two brothers, Constantine and Methodius, emphasizing the Apostolic See's approval for the introduction of the Slavonic language into the liturgy and the project for an archdiocese under Roman jurisdiction in central Europe. This discrepancy between the Slavonic and the official Roman sources is a significant one which requires further reflection and points to an avenue of research which could throw new light on papal policy in central Europe.

Keywords: Constantine; Hadrian II; Methodian Diocese; Methodius; Nicholas I; pontificates; Roman sources; Slavonic sources



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