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5. An Eschatological View of History: Yoshimi Takeuchi in the 1960s

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Chapter Summary

The challenge of "Overcoming Modernity" was to resolve the "unresolvable" "eternal war" since the Sino-Japanese War, by driving a wedge into the double structure of the war and transforming its character. In this article, Yoshimi Takeuchi said with regard to the renovative nature of Chinese literature that "from the point of view of tradition and renovation, the Literary Revolution was a movement which revived tradition by denying it completely". To put it in another way, true revolution is not to counterpose something new borrowed from somewhere outside against the old tradition, but to hold tradition as something thoroughly identical to oneself, even though it is a bad tradition, or precisely because it is a bad tradition, and then deny it completely. For Takeuchi, a scholarship that makes an experience and abstracts a "law" from experience is first and foremost "national literature".

Keywords: "Overcoming Modernity"; Chinese literature; Sino-Japanese War; Yoshimi Takeuchi



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