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The Council of Trent

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Chapter Summary

This chapter is divided into eight parts: (1) the present context: ecumenical and Catholic; (2) general eucharistic theology before Trent; (3) Catholic eucharistic theology on the eve of Trent; (4) the Eucharist at Trent; (5) post-Tridentine Catholic theology of the Eucharist as sacrifice; (6) the Tridentine legacy in modern Catholic eucharistic theology; (7) transcending Trent; and (8) coda. The author discusses eucharistic theology that originally took its academic shape within the typical pre-Vatican II atmosphere of the traditional Roman Catholic seminary system of the 1950s and early 1960s. It is important to keep in mind the thoroughly medieval nature of the Eucharistic theology that European Christians shared with each other on the eve of the Council of Trent. At this time theologians focused above all "on the mystery of the sacraments of the body and blood and the efficacy of the eucharistic sacrifice for the living and the dead.

Keywords: Catholic eucharistic theology; Eucharist; European Christians



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