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Supposition and the Fallacy of Figure of Speech in the Abstractiones

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the practice of Richard, Master of Abstractions, with respect to supposition in his dealing with the fallacy of figure of speech. His practice turns out to support the 'single theory' account of the theory of personal supposition, as does his treatment of a functional equivalent of simple supposition, but his practice of proposing additional solutions points to changing attitudes with respect to species as separate entities. Questions having to do with material supposition and the like are completely absent, even in discussions where we might expect to find them. The Abstractiones is not a treatise De Suppositionibus; indeed, it is not a treatise at all, but a collection of some 305 sophismata, attributed to one Richard the Sophist, 'Master of Abstractions', 'Flower of Logicians'. It is, moreover, not very explicitly theoretical. There is a close connection between the theory of supposition and the study of fallacies.

Keywords: Abstractiones; Richard the Sophist; sophismata; study of fallacies; Supposition theory



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