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Suppositum between Logic and Metaphysics: Simon of Faversham and his Contemporaries (1270-1290)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter is the result of research on the occurrences of the terms suppositio, supponere and their linguistic derivations in the literature on fallacies of the second half of the thirteenth century. The authors analysed are Albert the Great, Giles of Rome, Simon of Faversham, the so-called Incerti Auctores (Anonymous C and SF), the Anonymous of Prague (P) and John Duns Scotus. The central elements that emerge are the role played by the notion of suppositum and by the linguistic context (adiuncta, determinatio) to determine the denotation of an expression, and the importance of the metaphysical problem of the unity and identity of suppositum in both the theory of predication and the theory of inference. Both subjects, obviously, are closely connected. In the literature on fallacies of the second half of the thirteenth century, the term supposition and the active forms of the verb supponere are not used frequently.

Keywords: supponere; IncertiAuctores; John Duns Scotus; linguistic derivations; metaphysical problem; Simon of Faversham; supposition; theory of inference; theory of predication



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