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Supposition and Predication in Medieval Trinitarian Logic

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Chapter Summary

Many fourteenth-century logicians took affirmative propositions to maintain that the subject term and the predicate term stand or supposit for the same. This is called the identity theory of predication by historians and praedicatio identica by Paul of Venice and others. The identity theory of predication was an important part of early fourteenth-century Trinitarian discussions as well, but what was called praedicatio identica by Duns Scotus and his followers in this context was something different. After some remarks on Scotus's view and its background, this chapter analyses Adam Wodeham's explanation of Scotus's praedicatio identica and how he understood the assumptions pertaining to supposition in the Scotist approach. It also describes Wodeham's own solution to Trinitarian sophisms, which did not deviate from the identity theory of predication. The chapter makes some remarks on supposition and predication and sheds light on the somewhat complicated history of the notion of praedicatio identica.

Keywords: Adam Wodeham; medieval Trinitarian logic; praedicatio identica; predication; supposition



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