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III Die Ursprünge der Gemeinschaft

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an overview on the origins of community in al-Ḥīra. The Arab historian contains a large quantity of legendary traditions to the origins of this city. The "immigration Tanūḫ" is a typical migration legend, which relates to the origins of the Community in al-Ḥīra. The history of the migration of the Tanūḫ from southern to eastern Arabia is one of the larger Legend complex of "emigration of the Northern Arabs" that justify the expansion of the Arab tribes of the Arabian Peninsula. The Tanūḫ disappear surprisingly at end of the 3rd century. The conflict of Tanūḫ with the inhabitants of Palmyra is reflected in the said Arab Zenobia legend. The entire Arab Zenobia legend is an important legitimizing foundation legend of the city of al-Ḥīra. The chapter finally discusses the importance of trade in Palmyra. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: Arab tribes; Arab Zenobia legend; community; migration legend; Palmyra; Tanūḫ



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