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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an overview on the residential structure of the al-Ḥīra. Both the etymology of the name al-Ḥīra as well as the information of the Arab historian suggests that the city at the beginning consists of a fortified camp or cottage camp of (semi-) nomadic immigrants, which gradually filled with solid buildings. By the beginning of the 5th century al-Ḥīra must have developed into an urban center. Usually settlements were spread over large areas in the al-Ḥīra, with traces of farmland, pastures, palm groves and orchards separating individual buildings or clusters of houses. The chapter discusses the royal castles in the al-Ḥīra. In addition to these residential castles were also some quṣūr associated with the royal dynasty and its fairytale splendor has always inspired Islamic writers. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: Arab historian; cottage camp; fortified camp; residential structure; royal castles



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