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VII Die sprachlichen Verhältnisse

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the linguistic relationships in Al-Ḥīrah. The strong assimilation between Arabs and Syrians in Al-Ḥīrah and the surrounding area is particularly evident when considering linguistic relationships. The most common colloquial language of the Arab majority of urban population in Al-Ḥīrah was a local Arabic dialect. The Arab tradition conveyed, that the Arabic language is not only used as office language in Al-Ḥīrah but also in the court of Al-Ḥīrah and in Ctesiphon during diplomatic correspondence with Arab princes. The Arab tradition locates the origin of the North Arabic script in Al-Ḥīrah. However, the written use of Arabic as administrative and office language in Al-Ḥīrah does not mean that Arabic was written in other functional contexts. Middle Persian or Pahlavi was the language of hegemonic power and served as the official language of the law firm Persian court in Ctesiphon. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: Arabs; Ctesiphon; linguistic relationships; local Arabic dialect; office language; Persian court

10.1163/9789004260245_009
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