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XI Zusammenfassung und Ausblick

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Chapter Summary

Al-Ḥīra was a multicultural metropolis in the Late Antique Iraq, in which the different ethnic and religious "communities" are not lived isolated side by side, but lived in constant contact, so that a fruitful new symbiosis, namely a specific Arabic, urban culture, can be enriched and expanded by their interaction with the neighboring civilizations. First of all Al-Ḥīra was a thoroughly Arab city: Its inhabitants were mainly of Arab origin. They spoke a variant of the northern Arabian. Al-Ḥīra was also an important Arab trading town on the middle Euphrates, in which goods arrived from Syria and Mesopotamia and then were transported along the ancient caravan routes in the commercial centers of Arabia. An important part of the Sassanid trade takes place in the Arabian Peninsula, since there began the domestic routes to Eastern Arabia. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: Eastern Arabia; Late Antique Iraq; Mesopotamia; middle Euphrates; northern Arabian; Sassanid trade; Syria

10.1163/9789004260245_013
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