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Negotiating Relationship: Jesuits and Portuguese Conversos— A Reassessment

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Chapter Summary

Current historiography on Portuguese Jesuits and Portuguese conversos (or New Christians) has rendered the subject even more enigmatic than before. Portugal's dynastic union with the Spanish Habsburg Monarchy from 1580 to 1640 loosened the ties binding the Society of Jesus and the Crown. This chapter focuses on the direct approaches of Jesuits to conversos, as they stemmed from concrete situations. Examining the relationship between the Jesuit College of Bragança and local New Christians, Father Diogo de Areda's discourses and sermons on conversos, and the affinities between the Jesuits and conversos during the visit of King Philip III of Spain (Philip II of Portugal) to Lisbon in 1619, the chapter demonstrates the existence of a mixed and more nuanced reality. The author calls this phenomenon "negotiated relationships", and argues that these negotiated relationships coexisted with the dichotomic views.

Keywords: Father Diogo de Areda; King Philip III of Spain; negotiated relationships; Portuguese conversos; Portuguese Jesuits; Society of Jesus



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