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Jesuits, Jews, and Communists: Portrayals of Jesuits and Other Catholic Religious in Nazi Newspapers during the Spanish Civil War, 1936–39

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines two leading Nazi newspapers, Der Stürmer (DS), edited by Julius Streicher, and Das Schwarzes Korps (DSK), and published by the SS leadership. Both DS and DSK asserted that the Jesuits in particular were a harmful and threatening presence in Catholicism. Most of the "revelations" include familiar imagery that Jesuits are militant, cunning, greedy, lascivious masters of disguise working with the Devil to promote Catholicism in Nazi Germany. Although the Spanish Civil War sharply divided individuals within nations, in Nazi propaganda the story of the war was portrayed consistently as a necessary battle for the protection of Christianity and Western civilization. Falsely attributing the motto of "the ends justifies the means" to the Jesuit order and claiming that Jesuits were out to conquer the world allowed Nazi propagandists to connect Jesuits to the Jews and ultimately to the Devil.

Keywords: Catholicism; Christianity; Das Schwarzes Korps (DSK); Der Stürmer (DS); Jesuits; Jews; Nazi Germany; Spanish Civil War



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