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Pietro Tacchi Venturi, Mussolini, Pius XI, and the Jews

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores Pietro Tacchi Venturi's complex role in detail. It looks only at one aspect of the role he played: his attempts to get Benito Mussolini to view the Jews as a dire threat to his regime and to the welfare of the Italian people. In dealing with political matters, Pius XI relied heavily on three Jesuits: Tacchi Venturi, Enrico Rosa, longtime director of the La Civiltà Cattolica collective, and Włodzimierz Ledóchowski, superior general of the Jesuit order. The pope had criticized Mussolini on various occasions for trying to imitate Hitler's racial theories, and Mussolini was worried that Pius XI might denounce any attempt to put the newly announced Italian racial theory into practice. Pius XI had long relied on Tacchi Venturi to negotiate deals with Mussolini on sensitive subjects such as this.

Keywords: Benito Mussolini; Enrico Rosa; Jews; La Civiltà Cattolica; Pietro Tacchi Venturi; Pius XI; Włodzimierz Ledóchowski



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