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3. Case Studies: Rwanda (1994) and Srebrenica (1995)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the genocides in Rwanda and Srebrenica. All three situations, which include Rwanda, Srebrenica and Darfur, took place after the end of the Cold War, which made foreign intervention somehow easier because the world was no longer divided between Eastern and Western spheres of influence. Based on theoretical aspects in the field of international relations, the chapter researches some patterns in these case studies. These are the behaviours of third actors at the state and international level of analysis. Both the international influences for a state and the domestic influences are studied in the foreign policy-making of the states. The attention on internal influences makes it possible to study the process of decision-making in both states and international organisations, such as: rational decision-making, organisational decision-making and bureaucratic politics decision-making. This focus on decision-making is required to explain the gap between the warnings and the actions.

Keywords: bureaucratic politics decision-making; Cold War; Darfur; foreign policy-making; organisational decision-making; rational decision-making; Rwanda; Srebrenica



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