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Open Access Elite competition in Central Sulawesi

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Elite competition in Central Sulawesi

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores how rent seeking at the district level and social discrimination interacted with competitive elections and decentralization in Central Sulawesi. It discusses the rise and transformations of some ethno-religious groups seeking to control the Poso District. Ethnic identities, consolidated through Dutch influences and publicly fossilized during the New Order, moved in flux with political opportunities linked to the global market, regional bureaucracy, and informal economy. The chapter describes how the Suharto family's precedent of korupsi, kolusi, dan nepotisme (KKN, corruption, collusion, and nepotism) was realized in Poso. The focus is on district heads, their business links, and popular reactions to their activities. It documents how Poso's violence became a catalyst for regime change at the district level from an ethnic Tojo network to a Bungku network. The chapter examines how successful district heads pursue pemekaran to counteract transfers of power at the end of their terms.

Keywords: Bungku network; Central Sulawesi; competitive elections; Dutch; ethno-religious groups; pemekaran; Poso District; Suharto family; Tojo network



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