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Open Access ‘Shadow State’?: Business and politics in the province of Banten

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‘Shadow State’?: Business and politics in the province of Banten

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the role of the jawara in Banten in its initial period as a separate province. The provisional suspicion of the existence of 'dual-status jawara' then inspired the writer 'Zal', to develop a number of questions: Is it true that the jawara in Banten also have status as business operators? If so, how great is their influence in the conduct of government in Banten? Is there a correlation between their role in the establishment of Banten province (especially in the election of governor and deputy governor) and their role in the post-election period? How was this access to the local government built? And how do these 'jawara-entrepreneurs' and local government officials interact? Tuan Besar's dominant influence over the conduct of local government represents the 'costs in return' for the political and economic investment he made at the time of the election.

Keywords: Banten province; jawara-entrepreneurs; post-election period; Tuan Besar; Zal



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