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Open Access Criminality and the political economy of security in Lombok

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Criminality and the political economy of security in Lombok

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Chapter Summary

The fall of Suharto had ushered in profound changes for Lombok. The combined effects of the 1997-1998 monetary crisis, mass-based politics and regional autonomy presented Lombok's leaders and communities with new problems and opportunities. The demise of Suharto's authoritarian regime meant that violence, oppression and the right to define 'criminality' would no longer be controlled by the centralized institutions of the state but would be distributed to Lombok's own leaders. In response to Lombok's crime wave, the traditional tebusan schemes long employed by criminal networks to hold stolen goods as collateral against bounty payments were replaced by a new style of Islamist vigilance against immoral thieves. As important as it is to look for a Jakarta-based interest behind the Mataram riots, it is even more important to try to understand what local needs Amphibi satisfied in the communities where it thrived.

Keywords: Criminality; Islamist vigilance; Lombok; Mataram riots; Suharto's authoritarian regime; tebusan schemes



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