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Open Access Civil society in Jepara: Fractious but inclusive

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Civil society in Jepara: Fractious but inclusive

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the character of New Order Jepara civil society and then looks at how that civil society has responded to the opportunities and constraints that accompanied the collapse of the Suharto regime, the rise of the Reformasi movement, and the democratization that followed. The author's explanation for Jepara's activist civil society and developmentalist state was three-fold. First of all, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) had very wide and deep roots in society. NU's hegemony and its web of connections across Jepara and beyond provided those critical of the state with some shelter from official sanctions. Secondly, Jepara's economy began to grow as Indonesia's oil boom economy led to mushrooming domestic purchases of Jepara's ornately carved teak furniture. The third explanation is reputational and relates to the perceptions and actions of individual government officials.

Keywords: Nahdlatul Ulama's (NU's) hegemony; New Order Jepara civil society; Reformasi movement; Suharto regime

10.1163/9789004260436_015
/content/books/b9789004260436s015
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