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Open Access Chapter XI: The Turkish factor

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Chapter XI: The Turkish factor

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Chapter Summary

German officers had acted as instructors in the Turkish army since 1883. In the Turkish army officers had gained prominence who had been trained either in Turkey or in Germany by Germans. With a note of envy Lowther had to report back to London in 1909 that the Turkish government relied on the army, and that its officers 'looked towards and admired the military efficiency of the German army'. The crucial moment for Turkey to decide whether to stay neutral or to join the German side in war came on 10 August 1914. On that day two German warships, the battle cruiser the Goeben, described by a British naval historian as 'one of the Kaiser's newest, fastest, and most powerful warships', and the light cruiser the Breslau hotly pursued by British and French warships took refuge in the Dardanelles.

Keywords: British warships; German officers; Turkish army



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