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Open Access Chapter XX: Restlessness

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Chapter XX: Restlessness

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Chapter Summary

In Bantul, a region where attacks on estates were especially frequent, houses of Javanese went up in flames. In Kudus racial riots erupted in October 1918. In Demak angry Sarekat Islam villagers armed with clubs, spears, sickles, and machetes besieged the house of a village headman. When troops had to be sent to restore order, it was white European soldiers who were deemed suitable to perform this task, added occasionally by the odd soldier from the Moluccas and the Minahassa. Restlessness seemed on the rise. Commenting on the Kudus riots, Idenburg spoke about 'the irritability of the mind, which originated from Semarang'. The authorities and the public put the blame for the upsurge in rural unrest and the defiance Javanese showed towards the Dutch on Sarekat Islam agitation and by extension on people like Sneevliet and Baars.

Keywords: Dutch rule; Idenburg; Javanese neighbourhoods; Kudus racial riots; Sarekat Islam



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