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Introduction The Social and Cultural Roots of the Reforms

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Chapter Summary

This chapter offers a conceptual discussion of the social and cultural roots of the reforms, viewed against the backdrop of changes in social life and production near the start of the reforms. It identifies central links between culture and social transformations and provides a better understanding of the nature of the reforms. The chapter highlights the major arguments put forward by the contributors who, in their own ways, engage with and explore a range of key issues related to the central argument of this book. The direct cause of the reforms in China was the Cultural Revolution. The Cultural Revolution, an example of the most radical form of massive political campaigning, caused severe damage to the social order and injured all social classes to varying extents. The most direct cultural root of the reforms was the thought liberation movement.

Keywords: China; cultural revolution; cultural roots; political mobilization; socialism



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