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11 The Crisis of Socialism and Efforts to Overcome It

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Chapter Summary

This chapter considers "crisis" as a productive concept. In a certain sense, any social structure is at the same time a crisis-production mechanism. When a crisis is produced, the problem of how, if at all, society can overcome it is extremely important and must be confronted by all members of society. In this way, dealing with crises often provides the possibility for a revolution. Chinese socialism has produced its own crisis and the means to overcome the crisis. The chapter summarizes the contradictions of the socialist period, that is, the After Revolution era, into five categories: (1) the contradiction between egalitarianism and social class differentiation; (2) the contradiction between bureaucratic hierarchy and mass participation; (3) the contradiction between political society and everyday life; (4) the contradiction between internalization and objectification; and (5) the contradiction between maintaining the status quo and facing the future.

Keywords: bureaucratic hierarchy; Chinese socialism; egalitarianism; mass participation; political society



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