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The Main Actors of the Negotiations

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Chapter Summary

The main actors in the negotiations were United Nations staff; governments, acting individually and in groups; the officials of the negotiating bodies known as the Bureau; and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), acting individually and in groups. The International Law Commission had done the most recent drafting and analysis at the United Nations on an international criminal court. Most NGOs and individuals participated in the Ottawa Process through the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, a large international coalition with the single goal of implementing a worldwide landmine ban. Civil society was organized into an effective coalition, whose leader, Jody Williams, later won the Nobel Prize for Peace. Most NGOs at the Preparatory Committee organized their activities through the Coalition for the International Criminal Court (CICC). The CICC grew from thirty NGOs at the beginning to roughly eight hundred in Rome, from all regions of the world and sectors of society.

Keywords:Bureau; civil society; ICC negotiations; international criminal court; nongovernmental organizations (NGOs); Ottawa Process; United Nations



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