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9 Israel and Palestine: a Settler Colony is Born

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Chapter Summary

The Israeli security fence is an offensive structure by design. This is deeply rooted in the nature of a long-standing and unresolved conflict between Palestinian residents in the region on one hand, and Israeli citizens who have immigrated to Palestine and settled there from mid-19th century onward on the other. With the blessings of the League of Nations and under British protection the Zionist plan for colonization of Palestine entered a new phase. There is an ongoing debate among scholars on the extent to which Zionist settler colonies became a component of British colonialism in Palestine. The policy of 'aggressive defense' had both "military and territorial objectives", and it aimed at expulsion of Arabs from Palestine and creation of a congruous Jewish-controlled Israeli territory, mainly by systematic capture of land and destruction of Arab villages that dotted the designated Jewish territories under the United Nations (UN) Partition Plan.

Keywords: Arab villages; British colonialism; Israel; Israeli security fence; League of Nations; Palestine; United Nations (UN) Partition Plan; Zionist settler colonies



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