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St Disibod and the History of the Disibodenberg up to the Beginning of the 12th Century

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Chapter Summary

It is only with Archbishop Ruthard's charter of 1108, confirming the house's transformation into a Benedictine monastery that the sparse documentary history of the Disibodenberg begins. For details on this period there remains only the Vita sancti Disibodi episcope, which Hildegard of Bingen dictated in 1170 based on visions she had received, and which was "hitherto constantly discarded as unusable for historical research". Hildegard's vita of St Disibod has been read and copied since the Middle Ages, such that a tangled mass of ostensible information and its associated interpretations has surrounded the historical Disibod until the present. This chapter discusses Hildegard's disclosures in detail to enable a comparison between her text and the history as it is designated by later authors from Trithemius (around 1500) to Franz Xaver Remling (1836) and Heinrich Büttner (1934) and up to the present (up to Fell [1999]) and also to distinguish between sources and interpretations.

Keywords: archbishop Ruthard; Benedictine monastery; Bingen; Disibodenberg; Heinrich Büttner; Hildegard; St Disibod



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