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Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179): A History of Reception

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Chapter Summary

Of great importance to the dissemination of Hildegard's texts was the Pentachronon, which was compiled around 1220-1224 by a Cistercian monk, Gebeno of Eberbach. The case that Hildegard's works on natural history were not included in the Riesenkodex serves to underscore the fact that Hildegard was initially considered primarily as a visionary, prophet, and remonstrator of the errant; her roles as physician or composer were considerably less important. The foundation for the former estimation obviously remains the trilogy of visionary texts, the Scivias, the Liber vite meritorum, and the Liber diuinorum operum. An independent influence exerted by Hildegard's letter to the clerics of Cologne is confirmed by the anonymous poem Insurgent gentes. From the textual references, it appears that Osiander's text was probably based on the Pentachronon, which further indicates that the vernacular reception of Hildegard's visionary works was essentially founded on the Pentachronon.

Keywords: Andreas Osiander; clergy of Cologne; Hildegard; Insurgent gentes; Liber diuinorum operum; Liber vite meritorum; Pentachronon; Riesenkodex; Scivias; visionary text

10.1163/9789004260719_013
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