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Bonaventure as Exegete

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Chapter Summary

The scriptural works of Saint Bonaventure may seem to be of limited interest. The theological renewal that reached its height in the thirteenth century had its beginnings much earlier. Two names dominate the thought of the eleventh century: St.Anselm, whose lofty dissertations had a definite influence on Bonaventure; and the Venerable Bede, whose humble and dogged work contributed greatly to the Carolingian civilization. The exegetical tradition originated by Langton will be followed by the masters until the appearance of the mendicants, who initiate further changes in the character of scriptural teaching. The character which Bonaventure attributes to the scriptures explains in part why he uses indifferently the expressions sacra scriptura and theologia to indicate both the study and the teaching of the Bible. The breadth of scripture consists in the whole extent of the sacred books. The classification Bonaventure presents is apparently adopted from John of Rochelle.

Keywords: Bible; exegetical tradition; John of Rochelle; sacra scriptura; sacred books; Saint Bonaventure; St.Anselm; theologia

10.1163/9789004260733_007
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