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Zur Archäologie der Schrift: Die Erfindung des Rebusprinzips in protoschriftlicher Zeit

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Chapter Summary

The momentous cultural technique writing is a longer-term process and originated almost simultaneously in both in the Nile Valley and Mesopotamia during the second half of the 4th millennium. Discoveries and researches have more or less independent writing origin and can be applied for at least four areas of the world: Egypt, Mesopotamia, China and Mesoamerica. The structural and systematic phonetization of the signs carried out in the Nile valley obviously much earlier than in Mesopotamia. This chapter shows the communication system of tokens despite its logo graphically, but very small characters circumference in the 4th millennium. V. Chr has already been softened phonographically. The major economic sectors in Mesopotamia, in the 4th millennium BC were agriculture together with the livestock industry. The use of the rebus principle can be interpreted as a phonetic imagery. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: agriculture; cultural technique writing; communication system; livestock industry; Mesopotamia; Nile Valley



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