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A Short History

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Chapter Summary

The influence of Portuguese Jesuit missionaries and subsequent Dutch Calvinist Protestants had lasting effects on the social and cultural development of Ambonese society. Christian education encouraged religious integration in Ambonese society and assisted amalgamation of religious values with socio-economic progress. Building on the educational system that had operated during the VOC years, Kam's teacher training was influenced by his religious stance so he prepared his teachers for the dual role of teaching and leading the congregation. It was almost exclusively the Christian Ambonese who benefited as within Ambonese society, the Christianity Church became wholly associated with education. The Christian Ambonese warrior became a decisive ingredient in the successes of the KNIL armed forces. Independence from the Dutch not only severely challenged their privileged position, it brought into question their loyalty to the Queen; these dilemmas brought about a major shift in Ambonese society.

Keywords: Ambonese society; Christianity Church; Dutch Calvinist Protestants; KNIL armed forces; Portuguese Jesuit missionaries

10.1163/9789004260818_003
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