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Projects, Activity Systems: Figuring Out How to Use these Concepts

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Chapter Summary

The tradition out of which this project developed is the Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) of which Activity theory, originating in the work of Vygotsky and expanded and defined first by Leontiev and then Engeström, is the main well-known contemporary manifestation. However, the term "activity" in English is not self-explanatory. It can mean meaningless or mindless motion or generic forms of recreation. The author's main concern about theories that explain or model how change happens, whether it is individual or collective learning or organizational development or social change on the broadest level, are the use of them. A theory is good for organizing the complex experience or predicting the future. Although many theorists dislike the idea that a theory which is imaginatively productive for them might be used prescriptively by someone else, this is highly likely to happen anyway.

Keywords: Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT); Engeström; Leontiev; socialmovements; Vygotsky



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