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Open Access 5. Tales of a Peasant Revolt. Taboos and Memories of 1514 in Hungary

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5. Tales of a Peasant Revolt. Taboos and Memories of 1514 in Hungary

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Chapter Summary

This chapter is a personal recollection of the events which are usually referred to as the greatest peasant revolt in Hungarian history. The revolt had developed in response to a call for a crusade in 1514, in which peasants were ordered by pope and king to fight the 'infidel' Ottomans. The rebellion was supported by many simple priests, who together with a new generation of Observant Franciscan friars had forged documents and used their preaching as an ideological tool to turn the war against the pagans into a war against the nobility. The chapter briefly outlines the dynamics of the memory war that followed the dramatic events of the revolt and addresses the question of how personal memory and identity formation interacted with public stories in petitions. It sketches the later memories of the uprising in early modern cultural memory in Hungary and abroad.

Keywords: Hungarian history; memory war; modern cultural memory; Observant Franciscan friars; Ottomans; peasant revolt



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