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Giles of Rome’s Questions on the Metaphysics

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Chapter Summary

Giles of Rome was one of the most important and well known theologians active at the end of the 13th century and beginning of the 14th. He brought to completion Aquinas's shift from Augustine's approach in philosophy to Aristotle's, and heavily influenced the philosophical and theological orientation of his order. This chapter offers a glimpse into Giles's (early) metaphysical system together with an account of his conception of Metaphysics as a scientific discipline. It briefs about metaphysics seen as science of being qua being. The chapter also explains Giles's theory of analogy, which is logical counterpart of his doctrine of being. It then focuses on Giles's main ideas about metaphysical composition of substances, and sketches his peculiar solution to the question of the composition of essence and being. Finally, the chapter briefs about the notion of truth and the general significance of Giles's (early) conception of the world.

Keywords: Aquinas; Aristotle; Augustine; Giles; Metaphysics; Rome



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