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Prégnance et naissance dans la phénoménologie génétique de Merleau-Ponty

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an overview on the salience and birth in genetic phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty. Merleau-Ponty significantly distinguishes difference between Phenomenology of knowledge and Phenomenology of Perception. Moreover Cassirer formulates an explicit critique of Cartesian subjectivism. Merleau-Ponty notes indicate the correspondence between his thought and that of Cassirer. In the philosophy of Cassirer, there are different levels of symbolization, including expression which made the most basic of the knowledge. The expressiveness of the body is symbolized but not encrypted, and the perception of this expression is not decoded. In this perspective, the metaphors of the pregnancy and birth are particularly significant when, in turn, Merleau-Ponty returns to the level of "expressive experiences". "Genetic phenomenology" describes this "knowledge foundation and action" in an existential project.

Keywords: genetic phenomenology; Merleau-Ponty; Cartesian subjectivism; salience; expression



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