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Réversibilité et altérité

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Chapter Summary

The theoretical difference between the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty and that of Levinas could be presented as the difference between phenomenological ontology and phenomenological ethics. Merleau-Ponty developed a version of the ontological phenomenology based on the central concept of the flesh, while Levinas opened the ethical dimensions of phenomenology. Levinasian criticism of the idea of reversibility shows the central difficulty of late ontology of Merleau-Ponty. The kind of criticism is still motivated by the idea of otherness ethics. In general the concept of intentionality (Husserl) and the phenomenology of perception (Merleau-Ponty) are not sufficient, nor entirely satisfactory for description of otherness on the other. The idea of reversibility, which is central concept of the late ontology of Merleau-Ponty, comes from the idea of correlation. Merleau-Ponty developed a seemingly very different phenomenology of Husserl.

Keywords: phenomenological ontology; Merleau-Ponty; phenomenological ethics; Levinasian criticism; concept of intentionality; phenomenology of perception; idea of reversibility; idea of correlation



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