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2 Back to the (Theoretical) Drawing Board: Was Ross Right After All?

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Chapter Summary

The first part of this chapter provides a synopsis of the semantic analyses that guide us in our syntactic enterprise. In particular, the chapter is concerned with the classification of vocatives next to other pragmatically oriented phenomena that encode expressive content. The second part of the chapter introduces the basic theoretical tools of generative grammar, so that readers who are not familiar with cartographic approach to clause structure may follow our technical discourse couched in cartography. It was in Ross' article that vocatives have been identified for the first time as syntactic objects in a formal approach to grammar. The chapter discusses the analysis in Speas & Tenny, and compares it with other formalizations of the way in which the conversational pragmatics is encoded in syntax. It points out how the semantic analyses presented at the beginning of the chapter can be channelled towards a cartographic analysis of vocatives.

Keywords: cartographic approach; semantic analyses; Speas; syntactic objects; Tenny



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