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7 Ramifications—The Imperative

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows that the syntactic mapping of the hearer and its qualification as addressee occurs irrespectively of the presence of VocP. In other words, VocP merging in SAhP is a sub-case of a more general syntactic phenomenon. Evidence for the mapping of both [speaker] and [hearer] features has been provided in various studies and the evidence provided in the chapter consists of addressee morphemes on verbs and phrases, especially in imperative clauses. Since SAhº licenses both VocP and imperatives through its [hearer] feature, VocP and the imperative verb are bound to meet sometimes, in a local Spec-head relation. The mapping of the addressee in the derivation of imperatives provides the needed basis to start a discussion on: (i) the impact of the addressee syntax on the imperative verb itself; and (ii) the relation between the addressee and the subject of imperatives.

Keywords: addressee; imperative verb; local Spec-head relation; SAhº; syntactic mapping; VocP



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