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Reduced Definite Articles with Restrictive Relative Clauses

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the interaction between the occurrence of relative clauses (RCs) in noun phrases, and the choice of full or reduced definite articles on the relativised (head) nouns. It summarizes the properties of reduced and full definite determiners found in West Germanic. The chapter discusses the definition of restrictive RCs, showing that the restrictive RCs considered in the literature are only a subclass of restrictive relatives. It discusses data from the Vorarlberger dialect, Standard German and Fehring Frisian in the light of the proposed classification of RCs. The chapter shows that the restriction on restrictive RCs stated in the literature does not concern restrictive relatives in general, but only one of the subtypes identified, namely contrastive RCs. It shows that other types of restrictive relatives co-occur with reduced definite determiners in Fehring Frisian as described by Ebert (1970, 1971), and in the Vorarlberger dialect.

Keywords: definite articles; Fehring Frisian; restrictive relative clauses (RC); Vorarlberger dialect; West Germanic



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